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  4. Museum Ladin Ćiastel de Tor

Museum Ladin Ćiastel de Tor

The museum in St. Martin in Thurn in the Dolomites is fully dedicated to the history and culture of the third language group in South Tyrol: the Ladins.

In fact, besides the German and the Italian language also Ladin is spoken in the Alpine region. Ladin is an old Romanic tongue, which is nowadays spoken by around 30,000 people in the Dolomites.

The Ladin Museum at Ćiastel de Tor Castle does not only give its visitors an insight into the Ladin history, language and craft, but also into the evolution of the Dolomites, their geology as well as economic and touristic development. Changing exhibitions and special kids’ programmes complete the offer.

Culture & tradition

The museum displays the uniqueness of the landscapes in the Dolomites, the typical regional ways of life and the continuing existence of its oldest language. In fact, the habitat of the Ladins is still alive among the German and Italian language and culture area.

The Ladin language has its origins in Vulgar Latin. As well, pre-Roman and Rhaetian elements were important. The linguistic differences in the five valleys in the Dolomites – among them Gadertal and Gröden in South Tyrol – date back to the Middle Ages and the modern era. The valleys’ division over three Italian provinces during First War One is still present today. After the war, the Ladins’ recognition as an own linguistic and ethnic group has evolved in different ways.

As well, the museum tells about the importance of Ladin craft, which gained more and more importance in the late 18th century. In fact, Ampezzo was known for jewellery and souvenirs made of silver filigree, Gröden for its wood carvings, Fassa for its talented muralists as well as Gadertal for its elaborate wooden chests. The tradition of woodcarving in Gröden has withstood both World Wars until today.

History of the Dolomites

Archaeological finds from the whole region witness the settlement history of the Dolomites. The Ladin Museum in St. Martin in Thurn also offers an insight into the geology of this mountain ridge in the southern Calcareous Alps, full of fossils.

Treated as well are the touristic and economic development in the valley of the Dolomites. Already in the 19th century, today’s UNESCO World Natural Heritage fascinated alpinists and upscale tourists from the entire Europe. Effectively, tourism has become the most important economic sector in Dolomites after the year 1945.

Further information:

Museum Ladin Ćiastel de Tor
Torstraße 65 – I-39030 St. Martin in Thurn
Tel.: +39 0474 524 020