The mountains and the winter have two faces and behind the beauty of snow-covered mountains there may hide the danger.
If you know backgrounds about the avalanche you avoid danger zones, test stability, read terrain and rescue themselves and partners if caught in avalanche.
- Avalanche forecast: The weather is a key factor for forecasting avalanche activity. Before starting out for a tour you should always take a look at current avalanche report.
- Fresh snow: Fresh fallen snow is dangerous and easy to recognize and avoid.
- Wind: Wind can rapidly deposit snow in slabs with can avalanche easily.
- Sun and heat: When new snow falls on a sun crust, it’s important to check out whether the sun crust is wet or frozen when the snow starts. If it's wet, the new snow will stick to it and you most likely won't have any immediate avalanche problem, but if the crust is frozen, then the new snow does not tend to bond very well. Sun crusts we find them on southeast, south, southwest and west facing slopes.
- Avalanche detector, blade and avalanche sensor;
- Control if the detectors are on;
- Ski with ski stopper and not with a fix back strap;
- Always enter alone in avalanche danger zones;
- Do several slope cuts;
- Keep an eye on your partners.
In the first 15 minutes 93 % of avalanche victims are still alive, indeed most of the deaths occur during the fall either by hitting rocks or being carried over cliffs. The basic message is that to survive an avalanche you have to be rescued within 15 minutes, with half an hour to wait before the rescue services arrive on the scene this comes down to your friends.